Boycott Threatened

International Testing

Teachers in England have vowed to wage a campaign of civil disobedience over plans to link pay raises to exam results. The National Union of Teachers (NUT), which represents 40 percent of the teachers in the country, and the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, the third-largest union, have both said their members will refuse to administer exams used in setting pay levels.


NUT leaders pointed out that from 1870 to 1895, "payment by results" was British practice, a policy NUT labeled "a scourge that bedeviled teaching and learning." Variations on "payment by results," usually taking the form of bonuses to teachers or schools, are in effect in several U.S. states, including Kentucky, where they have been severely criticized by teachers (Examiner, Fall 1997).